ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0 60.1.0-alpha.402

This is a prerelease version of ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0.
dotnet add package ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0 --version 60.1.0-alpha.402                
NuGet\Install-Package ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0 -Version 60.1.0-alpha.402                
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0" Version="60.1.0-alpha.402" />                
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0 --version 60.1.0-alpha.402                
#r "nuget: ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0, 60.1.0-alpha.402"                
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0 as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0&version=60.1.0-alpha.402&prerelease

// Install ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0 as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0&version=60.1.0-alpha.402&prerelease                

International Components for Unicode

Nuget Azure DevOps builds (main) GitHub GitHub Sponsors

ICU4N is a set of .NET libraries providing Unicode and Globalization support for software applications, a .NET port of the popular ICU4J project.

This is a port of ICU4J, version 60.1. We have ported about 50% of the code, and while we aren't planning to add any additional features it is still a work in progress.


Here are some of the major features that have been ported:

  1. BreakIterator
  2. RuleBasedBreakIterator
  3. Normalizer
  4. Normalizer2
  5. FilteredNormalizer2
  6. UnicodeSet
  7. Collator
  8. RuleBasedCollator
  9. Transliterator
  10. RuleBasedTransliterator
  11. RuleBasedNumberFormat - only formatting from number > string is supported by calling members of the ICU4N.Text.FormatNumberRuleBased class or by using them as extension methods from System.Byte, System.Int16, System.Int32, System.Int64, System.Int128, System.Numerics.BigInteger, System.SByte, System.IntPtr, System.UInt16, System.UInt32, System.UInt64, System.UInt128, System.Half, System.Single, System.Double, or System.Decimal.

There are several other features too numerous to mention, but APIs are currently in flux between releases. We have over 4200 passing tests, most failures are just due to missing dependencies.

NuGet Packages

Install-Package ICU4N -Pre

The package structure is as follows:


We have converted most of the documentation comments so Visual Studio Intellisense works. However, for full API docs the best source at the moment is the ICU4J API Reference. There is also a lot of other great info on the ICU project's web site, such as the Feature Comparison Page.

Managing Resources

IMPORTANT: The version of resources that is used must be at the same version as ICU4N.

There are 2 ways to deploy resources with ICU4N.

  1. Using Satellite Assemblies

    This is the default and recommended way to use ICU4N resources. Using satellite assemblies to manage resources allows you to include/exclude specific cultures.

  2. Using Resource Files

    Using resource files allows you to finely tune the amount of data that is distributed with your project by including/excluding specific features as well as cultures.

    NOTE: ICU4N does not shadow copy these files. It is not recommended to use resource files to deploy resources if you are using an "always up" service (such as ASP.NET) and intend to use xCopy deployment, since the resource files may be locked by your application when you try to overwrite them.

Default Satellite Assemblies

By default, ICU4N includes a transitive dependency on ICU4N.Resources, which includes satellite assemblies for all features and languages. For most projects, this should suffice.

It is recommended to use the default set of data for class libraries that are deployed via NuGet to be shared, and to only consider using custom subsets of data for executable projects. This gives every consumer of a shared library a chance to customize the ICU resource data.

NOTE: For SDK-Style projects that target net40 or net403, the transitive dependency is on ICU4N.Resources.NETFramework4.0. This package contains exactly the same files as ICU4N.Resources and only exists to work around the fact that NuGet doesn't support a single target framework to deploy satellite assemblies to targets below net45 as well as targets that support netstandard1.0 (which supports net45 and higher).

Custom Satellite Assemblies

ICU4N contains more than 750 cultures which use more than 20MB of disk space.

It is possible to reduce the distribution size by excluding cultures that you don't intend to support. To ship a subset of satellite assemblies, there are 2 options:

  • Option 1: Re-package a Subset of Satellite Assemblies - Currently, there is no built-in support. The recommended way is to download the matching version of ICU4N.Resources, use a zip utility to unzip the package, and create a NuGet package with a custom name using the subset of satellite assemblies desired.
  • Option 2: Change your build script to delete the <culture name>/ICU4N.resources.dll files after the build and before packing and/or publishing them.

The satellite assemblies are located in folders named like <culture name>/ICU4N.resources.dll.

IMPORTANT: The neutral culture satellite assembly files contain shared resource data for all of the specific cultures. If you include one or more specific cultures, such as fr-CA/ICU4N.resources.dll, you must also include the neutral culture fr/ICU4N.resources.dll.

IMPORTANT: There is a common satellite assembly named ICU4N.resources.dll that sits in the assembly directory. This file must always be included for ICU4N to function when using satellite assemblies.

When including custom resource data with ICU4N, be sure to exclude the transitive dependencies from ICU4N as described in Removing the default Transitive Dependency on ICU4N.Resources.

Custom Resource Files

Resource files can be used to reduce the total amount of resource data even further by excluding both features and cultures that are not being used. Resource files are automatically detected if they are in the <assembly_directory>/data/<icuversion>/<feature> directory. The default set of resource files can be downloaded from Maven for the ICU4J version corresponding to this version of ICU4N. Simply download the main icu4j.jar file. This file can be extracted with a Zip utility. The resource data can be found in the /com/ibm/icu/impl/data/ directory.

Reducing resource data is an advanced topic. See the ICU Data topic to decide the best approach for which resources to include.

Resources will be detected automatically if they are in the /data/ directory. Note that including the versioned subdirectory (such as icudt60b) is required.

When including custom resource data with ICU4N, be sure to exclude the transitive dependencies from ICU4N as described in Removing the default Transitive Dependency on ICU4N.Resources.

Removing the default Transitive Dependency on ICU4N.Resources

To deploy custom resources via NuGet with your project, you must remove the transitive dependency on the ICU4N.Resources package so the full set of resources isn't accidentally deployed to projects that consume yours. This can be done using the ExcludeAssets flag called buildTransitive.

    <PackageReference Include="ICU4N" Version="60.1.0-alpha.401" ExcludeAssets="buildTransitive" />

Legacy Non-SDK-Style Projects

For projects that are using a .NET SDK lower than .NET 5.0 and/or are using a non-SDK style project (i.e. a project that specifies ToolsVersion="4.0" or lower in the <Project> element) support for resources is not automatic. You must manually add a package reference to one of:

The ability for consuming projects to minimize resource files beyond the set of resources specified by the original package author for non-SDK style projects is not supported.

Building and Testing

To build the project from source, see the Building and Testing documentation.

Saying Thanks

If you find this library to be useful, please star us on GitHub and consider a sponsorship so we can continue bringing you great free tools like this one. It really would make a big difference!

GitHub Sponsors

Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET Framework net40 is compatible.  net403 was computed.  net45 was computed.  net451 was computed.  net452 was computed.  net46 was computed.  net461 was computed.  net462 was computed.  net463 was computed.  net47 was computed.  net471 was computed.  net472 was computed.  net48 was computed.  net481 was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
Included target framework(s) (in package)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.
  • .NETFramework 4.0

    • No dependencies.

NuGet packages

This package is not used by any NuGet packages.

GitHub repositories

This package is not used by any popular GitHub repositories.

Version Downloads Last updated
60.1.0-alpha.402 186 4/2/2023
60.1.0-alpha.401 102 3/4/2023
60.1.0-alpha.400 100 3/3/2023

This is an early prerelease. Not all features are fully functional yet, and there may still be some gaps in functionality that haven't been accounted for. See for more info about what is functioning and what is not.