Cogs.ActiveQuery 1.8.0

dotnet add package Cogs.ActiveQuery --version 1.8.0
NuGet\Install-Package Cogs.ActiveQuery -Version 1.8.0
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="Cogs.ActiveQuery" Version="1.8.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add Cogs.ActiveQuery --version 1.8.0
#r "nuget: Cogs.ActiveQuery, 1.8.0"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install Cogs.ActiveQuery as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=Cogs.ActiveQuery&version=1.8.0

// Install Cogs.ActiveQuery as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=Cogs.ActiveQuery&version=1.8.0

This library provides re-implementations of extension methods you know and love from System.Linq.Enumerable, but instead of returning Enumerable<T>s and simple values, these return ActiveEnumerable<T>s, ActiveDictionary<TKey, TValue>s, and ActiveValue<T>s. This is because, unlike traditional LINQ extension methods, these extension methods continuously update their results until those results are disposed.

But... what could cause those updates?

  • the source is enumerable, implements INotifyCollectionChanged, and raises a CollectionChanged event
  • the source is a dictionary, implements Cogs.Collections.INotifyDictionaryChanged<TKey, TValue>, and raises a DictionaryChanged event
  • the elements in the enumerable (or the values in the dictionary) implement INotifyPropertyChanged and raise a PropertyChanged event
  • a reference enclosed by a selector or a predicate passed to the extension method implements INotifyCollectionChanged, Cogs.Collections.INotifyDictionaryChanged<TKey, TValue>, or INotifyPropertyChanged and raises one of their events

That last one might be a little surprising, but this is because all selectors and predicates passed to Active Query extension methods become active expressions (see above). This means that you will not be able to pass one that the Active Expressions library doesn't support (e.g. a lambda expression that can't be converted to an expression tree or that contains nodes that Active Expressions doesn't deal with). But, in exchange for this, you get all kinds of notification plumbing that's just handled for you behind the scenes.

Suppose, for example, you're working on an app that displays a list of notes and you want the notes to be shown in descending order of when they were last edited.

var notes = new ObservableCollection<Note>();

var orderedNotes = notes.ActiveOrderBy(note => note.LastEdited, isDescending: true);
notesViewControl.ItemsSource = orderedNotes;

From then on, as you add Notes to the notes observable collection, the ActiveEnumerable<Note> named orderedNotes will be kept ordered so that notesViewControl displays them in the preferred order.

Since the ActiveEnumerable<T> is automatically subscribing to events for you, you do need to call Dispose on it when you don't need it any more.

void Page_Unload(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    orderedNotes.Dispose();
}

But, you may ask, what happens if things are a little bit more complicated because of background work? Suppose...

SynchronizedObservableCollection<Note> notes;
ActiveEnumerable<Note> orderedNotes;
Task.Run(() =>
{
    notes = new SynchronizedObservableCollection<Note>();
    orderedNotes = notes.ActiveOrderBy(note => note.LastEdited, isDescending: true);
});

Since we called the Cogs.Collections.Synchronized.SynchronizedObservableCollection constructor in the context of a TPL Task and without specifying a SynchronizationContext, operations performed on it will not be in the context of our UI thread. Manipulating this collection on a background thread might be desirable, but there will be a big problem if we bind a UI control to it, since non-UI threads shouldn't be messing with UI controls. For this specific reason, Active Query offers a special extension method that will perform the final operations on an enumerable (or dictionary) using a specific SynchronizationContext.

var uiContext = SynchronizationContext.Current;
SynchronizedObservableCollection<Note> notes;
ActiveEnumerable<Note> orderedNotes;
ActiveEnumerable<Note> notesForBinding;
Task.Run(() =>
{
    notes = new SynchronizedObservableCollection<Note>();
    orderedNotes = notes.ActiveOrderBy(note => note.LastEdited, isDescending: true);
    notesForBinding = orderedNotes.SwitchContext(uiContext);
});

Or, if you call SwitchContext without any arguments but when you know you're already running in the UI's context, it will assume you want to switch to that.

SynchronizedObservableCollection<Note> notes;
ActiveEnumerable<Note> orderedNotes;
await Task.Run(() =>
{
    notes = new SynchronizedObservableCollection<Note>();
    orderedNotes = notes.ActiveOrderBy(note => note.LastEdited, isDescending: true);
});
var notesForBinding = orderedNotes.SwitchContext();

But, keep in mind that no Active Query extension methods mutate the objects for which they are called, which means now you have two things to dispose, and in the right order!

void Page_Unload(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    notesForBinding.Dispose();
    orderedNotes.Dispose();
}

Ahh, but what about exceptions? Well, active expressions expose a Fault property and raise PropertyChanging and PropertyChanged events for it, but... you don't really see those active expressions as an Active Query caller, do ya? For that reason, Active Query introduces the INotifyElementFaultChanges interface, which is implemented by ActiveEnumerable<T>, ActiveDictionary<TKey, TValue>, and ActiveValue<T>. You may subscribe to its ElementFaultChanging and ElementFaultChanged events to be notified when an active expression runs into a problem. You may also call the GetElementFaults method at any time to retrieve a list of the elements (or key/value pairs) that have active expressions that are currently faulted and what the exception was in each case.

As with the Active Expressions library, you can use the static property Optimizer to specify an optimization method to invoke automatically during the active expression creation process. However, please note that Active Query also has its own version of this property on the ActiveQueryOptions static class. If you are not using Active Expressions directly, we recommend using Active Query's property instead because the optimizer will be called only once per extension method call in that case, no matter how many elements or key/value pairs are processed by it. Optimize your optimization, yo.

Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net5.0 was computed.  net5.0-windows was computed.  net6.0 was computed.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 was computed.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed.  net8.0 was computed.  net8.0-android was computed.  net8.0-browser was computed.  net8.0-ios was computed.  net8.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net8.0-macos was computed.  net8.0-tvos was computed.  net8.0-windows was computed. 
.NET Core netcoreapp3.0 was computed.  netcoreapp3.1 was computed. 
.NET Standard netstandard2.1 is compatible. 
MonoAndroid monoandroid was computed. 
MonoMac monomac was computed. 
MonoTouch monotouch was computed. 
Tizen tizen60 was computed. 
Xamarin.iOS xamarinios was computed. 
Xamarin.Mac xamarinmac was computed. 
Xamarin.TVOS xamarintvos was computed. 
Xamarin.WatchOS xamarinwatchos was computed. 
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ActiveGroupBy now returns an IActiveEnumerable of IActiveGrouping instances. ActiveSelect, ActiveSelectMany, and ActiveWhere have been reverted not to use disposable values caches. We may implement a caching alternative later.