Less3 2.1.10

dotnet add package Less3 --version 2.1.10
NuGet\Install-Package Less3 -Version 2.1.10
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="Less3" Version="2.1.10" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add Less3 --version 2.1.10
#r "nuget: Less3, 2.1.10"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install Less3 as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=Less3&version=2.1.10

// Install Less3 as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=Less3&version=2.1.10

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Less3 :: S3-Compatible Object Storage

Less3 is an S3-compatible object storage platform that you can run anywhere.

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Use Cases

Core use cases for Less3:

  • Local object storage - S3-compatible storage on your laptop, virtual machine, container, or bare metal
  • Private cloud object storage - use your existing private cloud hardware to create an S3-compatible storage pool
  • Development and test - local devtest against S3-compatible storage
  • Remote storage - deploy S3-compatible storage in environments where you must control data placement

New in This Version


  • Dependency update and changes to improve compatibility with AWS CLI
  • Testing with key AWS CLI capabilities, see AWSCLI.md

Help and Feedback

First things first - do you need help or have feedback? Please file an issue here.

Special Thanks

Thanks to @iain-cyborn for helping make the platform better!

Initial Setup

The binaries for Less3 can be created by compiling from source. Executing the binary will create a system configuration in the system.json file along with the configuration database less3.db.

The Server.DnsHostname MUST be set to a hostname. You cannot use IP addresses (parsing will fail). Incoming HTTP requests must have a HOST header value that matches the value in Server.DnsHostname. If it does not match, you will receive a 400/Bad Request.

If you use *, +, or for the Server.DnsHostname, Less3 must be executed using administrative privileges (this is required by the underlying operating system).

To get started, clone Less3, build, publish, and run!

$ git clone https://github.com/jchristn/less3
$ cd less3
$ dotnet build -f netcoreapp2.2
$ dotnet publish -f netcoreapp2.2
$ cd less3/bin/debug/netcoreapp2.2/publish
$ dotnet less3.dll

S3 Client Compatibility

Less3 was designed to be consumed using either the AWS SDK or direct RESTful integration in accordance with Amazon's official documentation (https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/API/Welcome.html). Should you encounter a discrepancy between how Less3 operates and how AWS S3 operates, please file an issue.

I tested Less3 using the AWS SDK for C#, a live account on S3, CloudBerry Explorer for S3 (see https://www.cloudberrylab.com/explorer/windows/amazon-s3.aspx), and S3 Browser (see http://s3browser.com/). If you have or recommend other tools, please file an issue here and let me know!

Supported APIs

Please refer to the compatibility matrix found in 'assets' for a full list of supported APIs and caveats.

The following APIs are supported with Less3:

  • Service APIs

    • ListBuckets
  • Bucket APIs

    • Write
    • WriteAcl
    • WriteTagging
    • WriteVersioning (no MFA delete support)
    • Delete
    • DeleteTagging
    • Exists
    • Read (list objects v2)
    • ReadAcl
    • ReadVersions
    • ReadTagging
  • Object APIs

    • Write
    • WriteAcl
    • WriteTagging
    • Delete
    • DeleteMultiple
    • DeleteTagging
    • Exists
    • Read
    • ReadAcl
    • ReadRange
    • ReadTagging

API Support

There are several minor differences between how S3 and less3 handle certain aspects of API requests. However, these should be inconsequential from the perspective of the developer (for instance, version IDs are numbers internally within less3 rather than strings).

Should you find any incompatibilities or behavioral issues with the APIs listed above that are considered 'supported', please file an issue here along with details on the expected behavior. I've tried to mimic the behavior of S3 while building out the API logic. A link to the supporting documentation will also be helpful to aid me in righting the wrong 😃

Bucket in Hostname vs URL

Less3 supports cases where having the bucket name as:

  • Path style URLs - the bucket name is part of the URL (http://[hostname]/[bucket]/[key])
  • Virtual hosted URLs - the bucket name is part of the hostname (http://[bucket].[hostname]/[key])

To use path style URLs do not set Server.BaseDomain. This is the default configuration.

To use virtual hosted URLs, you must:

  • Set Server.BaseDomain - if your hostname is localhost, set this value to .localhost (prepend with a period)
  • Set Server.DnsHostname to *
  • Run Less3 as administrator
  • Ensure your hosted hostnames (i.e. [bucket].[hostname]) are resolvable through DNS to your machine

Administrative APIs

Please refer to the 'wiki' for helpful notes including how to use the administrative APIs.

Open Source Packages

Less3 is built using a series of open-source packages, including:

Deployment in Docker

Please refer to Docker.md and Dockerfile in the project directory.

Version History

Refer to CHANGELOG.md for details.

Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net6.0 is compatible.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 is compatible.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed.  net8.0 was computed.  net8.0-android was computed.  net8.0-browser was computed.  net8.0-ios was computed.  net8.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net8.0-macos was computed.  net8.0-tvos was computed.  net8.0-windows was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
Included target framework(s) (in package)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

NuGet packages

This package is not used by any NuGet packages.

GitHub repositories

This package is not used by any popular GitHub repositories.

Version Downloads Last updated
2.1.10 1,045 8/25/2023
2.1.9 94 8/25/2023
2.1.8 1,183 7/23/2023
2.1.6 3,594 10/7/2022
2.1.5 1,172 9/22/2022
2.1.4 427 9/21/2022
2.1.3 380 9/20/2022
2.1.2 611 9/15/2022
2.1.1 399 9/15/2022
2.1.0 455 9/14/2022 666 8/11/2022 619 4/1/2022 391 4/1/2022 388 3/31/2022 397 3/30/2022
1.5.0 334 6/15/2021
1.4.0 9,806 9/10/2020 8,129 6/16/2020
1.2.0 480 1/23/2020
1.1.0 477 9/13/2019
1.0.7 506 8/17/2019
1.0.5 505 8/17/2019
1.0.4 513 8/17/2019
1.0.3 496 8/16/2019
1.0.2 518 8/16/2019
1.0.0 489 8/10/2019

Dependency update, validation with AWS CLI