RetryHelper 2.1.0

This is a generic helper to help try some action until the given condition is met. It now works seamlessly with C# async/await keywords for asynchronous operations, which is very common in a scenario that requires retry logic.

Install-Package RetryHelper -Version 2.1.0
dotnet add package RetryHelper --version 2.1.0
<PackageReference Include="RetryHelper" Version="2.1.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add RetryHelper --version 2.1.0
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RetryHelper

This is a generic helper to help try some action until the given condition is met. It now works seamlessly with C# async/await keywords for asynchronous operations, which is very common in a scenario that requires retry logic.

Usage

Write retry logic for operations like web request or file operation in a more readable way rather than a try-catch nested in a loop. You can specify end conditions based on return value or exception, config the retry interval, maximum retry count and maximum retry time limitation.

Examples:

using Retry;

One-line example

RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryDoSomething()).UntilNoException();

One-line async example

await RetryHelper.Instance.Try(async () => await TryGetValueAsync()).Until(async result => result < await GetQuota());

Example 1: Retry until I get a return value < 0.1 from the method TryGetValue.

// Basic usage - keep trying every 500ms forever
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue()).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Get the result from the retried method
var resultSmallEnough = RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue()).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Specify interval as 100 ms
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue()).WithTryInterval(100).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Try 20 times maximum and throw TimeoutException if exceeded
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue()).WithMaxTryCount(20).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Can also limit the total try time duration
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue()).WithTimeLimit(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(10)).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Specify the extra success/fail/timeout action
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue())
    .WithMaxTryCount(20)
    .OnSuccess(result => Trace.TraceInformation($"Got result {result}."))
    .OnFailure(result => Trace.TraceWarning($"Try failed. Got {result}."))
    .OnTimeout(lastResult => Trace.TraceError("Did not get result under 0.1 in 20 times."))
    .Until(result => result < 0.1);
Callbacks explained
  • OnSuccess: Executed after the condition is met.
  • OnFailure: Executed after each failed attempt and before the next attempt.
  • OnTimeout: Executed after all allowed attempts have failed.

Multiple callbacks of the same type can be registered. In this case, the order of invocation is not guaranteed.

RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue())
    .OnFailure(result => Trace.TraceWarning($"Try failed. Got {result}."))
    .OnFailure(() => Trace.TraceWarning($"As I said or will say, it failed."))
    .Until(result => result < 0.1);

Example 2: Retry method TryDoSomething until there's no exception thrown.

// Retry on any (non-fatal) exception
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryDoSomething()).UntilNoException();

// Retry on specific exception
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryDoSomething()).UntilNoException<ApplicationException>();

// Or pass the Type object as parameter
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryDoSomething()).UntilNoException(typeof(ApplicationException));

Example 3: Retry until I get a return value < 0.1 from an asynchronous method TryGetValueAsync

// Basic usage
await RetryHelper.Instance.Try(async () => await TryGetValueAsync()).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// async/await keywords can be omitted for simplicity in this case
await RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValueAsync()).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Asynchronous until condition is also supported
await RetryHelper.Instance.Try(async () => await TryGetValueAsync()).Until(async result => result + await TryGetValueAsync() < 0.2);

// In case the operation is not asynchronous, but you want to use an asynchronous until condition, use TryAsync
await RetryHelper.Instance.TryAsync(() => TryGetValue()).Until(async result => result + await TryGetValueAsync() < 0.2);

// Asynchronous OnSuccess/OnFailure/OnTimeout
// Note that asynchronous operation taken in OnFailure counts against TimeLimit,
// i.e. when retrying with time limit, the more time taken in OnFailure, the less
// retries can be performed.
await RetryHelper.Instance.Try(async () => await TryGetValueAsync())
    .WithTryInterval(100)
    .WithMaxTryCount(20)
    .OnSuccess(async result => await LogToServerAsync($"Got result {result}."))
    .OnFailure(async result => await LogToServerAsync($"Try failed. Got {result}."))
    .OnTimeout(async lastResult => await LogToServerAsync("Did not get result under 0.1 in 20 times."))
    .Until(result => result < 0.1);

Just like the synchronous version above, multiple asynchronous callbacks of the same type can be registered. In this case, callbacks will be invoked and awaited one by one, although the order of invocation is not guaranteed. Asynchronous callbacks will not be invoked concurrently.

Change the global default settings

RetryHelper.Instance.DefaultMaxTryCount = 3;
RetryHelper.Instance.DefaultMaxTryTime = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(10);
RetryHelper.Instance.DefaultTryInterval = TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(100);

Get another RetryHelper instance with custom TraceSource and unique configuration

var retryHelper = new RetryHelper(new TraceSource("MyTraceSource"))
{
    DefaultMaxTryCount = 10,
    DefaultMaxTryTime = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(30),
    DefaultTryInterval = TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(500),
};

Change Log

v2.1.0 (2018/5/30)

  • Support passing exception type to UntilNoException
  • Allow OnFailure, OnSuccess and OnTimeout callbacks to take no parameter
  • Fixed a bug that if multiple callbacks of the same type are registered with async retry tasks, only the last one is awaited
  • Replaced Thread.Sleep with Task.Delay for AsyncRetryTask
  • Made Extensions.MakeFunc obsolete which should not have been public

v2.0.0 (2018/5/17)

  • Support asynchronous operations, conditions and callbacks (async/await keywords)
  • Updated target framework to .NET 4.5
  • Fixed a bug that OnFailure is not respected if not registered last

LICENSE

Apache 2.0 License

RetryHelper

This is a generic helper to help try some action until the given condition is met. It now works seamlessly with C# async/await keywords for asynchronous operations, which is very common in a scenario that requires retry logic.

Usage

Write retry logic for operations like web request or file operation in a more readable way rather than a try-catch nested in a loop. You can specify end conditions based on return value or exception, config the retry interval, maximum retry count and maximum retry time limitation.

Examples:

using Retry;

One-line example

RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryDoSomething()).UntilNoException();

One-line async example

await RetryHelper.Instance.Try(async () => await TryGetValueAsync()).Until(async result => result < await GetQuota());

Example 1: Retry until I get a return value < 0.1 from the method TryGetValue.

// Basic usage - keep trying every 500ms forever
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue()).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Get the result from the retried method
var resultSmallEnough = RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue()).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Specify interval as 100 ms
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue()).WithTryInterval(100).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Try 20 times maximum and throw TimeoutException if exceeded
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue()).WithMaxTryCount(20).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Can also limit the total try time duration
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue()).WithTimeLimit(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(10)).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Specify the extra success/fail/timeout action
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue())
    .WithMaxTryCount(20)
    .OnSuccess(result => Trace.TraceInformation($"Got result {result}."))
    .OnFailure(result => Trace.TraceWarning($"Try failed. Got {result}."))
    .OnTimeout(lastResult => Trace.TraceError("Did not get result under 0.1 in 20 times."))
    .Until(result => result < 0.1);
Callbacks explained
  • OnSuccess: Executed after the condition is met.
  • OnFailure: Executed after each failed attempt and before the next attempt.
  • OnTimeout: Executed after all allowed attempts have failed.

Multiple callbacks of the same type can be registered. In this case, the order of invocation is not guaranteed.

RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValue())
    .OnFailure(result => Trace.TraceWarning($"Try failed. Got {result}."))
    .OnFailure(() => Trace.TraceWarning($"As I said or will say, it failed."))
    .Until(result => result < 0.1);

Example 2: Retry method TryDoSomething until there's no exception thrown.

// Retry on any (non-fatal) exception
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryDoSomething()).UntilNoException();

// Retry on specific exception
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryDoSomething()).UntilNoException<ApplicationException>();

// Or pass the Type object as parameter
RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryDoSomething()).UntilNoException(typeof(ApplicationException));

Example 3: Retry until I get a return value < 0.1 from an asynchronous method TryGetValueAsync

// Basic usage
await RetryHelper.Instance.Try(async () => await TryGetValueAsync()).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// async/await keywords can be omitted for simplicity in this case
await RetryHelper.Instance.Try(() => TryGetValueAsync()).Until(result => result < 0.1);

// Asynchronous until condition is also supported
await RetryHelper.Instance.Try(async () => await TryGetValueAsync()).Until(async result => result + await TryGetValueAsync() < 0.2);

// In case the operation is not asynchronous, but you want to use an asynchronous until condition, use TryAsync
await RetryHelper.Instance.TryAsync(() => TryGetValue()).Until(async result => result + await TryGetValueAsync() < 0.2);

// Asynchronous OnSuccess/OnFailure/OnTimeout
// Note that asynchronous operation taken in OnFailure counts against TimeLimit,
// i.e. when retrying with time limit, the more time taken in OnFailure, the less
// retries can be performed.
await RetryHelper.Instance.Try(async () => await TryGetValueAsync())
    .WithTryInterval(100)
    .WithMaxTryCount(20)
    .OnSuccess(async result => await LogToServerAsync($"Got result {result}."))
    .OnFailure(async result => await LogToServerAsync($"Try failed. Got {result}."))
    .OnTimeout(async lastResult => await LogToServerAsync("Did not get result under 0.1 in 20 times."))
    .Until(result => result < 0.1);

Just like the synchronous version above, multiple asynchronous callbacks of the same type can be registered. In this case, callbacks will be invoked and awaited one by one, although the order of invocation is not guaranteed. Asynchronous callbacks will not be invoked concurrently.

Change the global default settings

RetryHelper.Instance.DefaultMaxTryCount = 3;
RetryHelper.Instance.DefaultMaxTryTime = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(10);
RetryHelper.Instance.DefaultTryInterval = TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(100);

Get another RetryHelper instance with custom TraceSource and unique configuration

var retryHelper = new RetryHelper(new TraceSource("MyTraceSource"))
{
    DefaultMaxTryCount = 10,
    DefaultMaxTryTime = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(30),
    DefaultTryInterval = TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(500),
};

Change Log

v2.1.0 (2018/5/30)

  • Support passing exception type to UntilNoException
  • Allow OnFailure, OnSuccess and OnTimeout callbacks to take no parameter
  • Fixed a bug that if multiple callbacks of the same type are registered with async retry tasks, only the last one is awaited
  • Replaced Thread.Sleep with Task.Delay for AsyncRetryTask
  • Made Extensions.MakeFunc obsolete which should not have been public

v2.0.0 (2018/5/17)

  • Support asynchronous operations, conditions and callbacks (async/await keywords)
  • Updated target framework to .NET 4.5
  • Fixed a bug that OnFailure is not respected if not registered last

LICENSE

Apache 2.0 License

Release Notes

Support async/await.

Dependencies

This package has no dependencies.

This package is not used by any popular GitHub repositories.

Version History

Version Downloads Last updated
2.1.0 5,753 5/31/2018
2.0.0 229 5/18/2018
1.2.0 12,540 1/21/2013
1.1.0 492 11/29/2012
1.0.6 560 11/8/2012
1.0.5 441 11/8/2012