SimplePatch.Plus 3.1.0

.NET Standard 2.0
dotnet add package SimplePatch.Plus --version 3.1.0
NuGet\Install-Package SimplePatch.Plus -Version 3.1.0
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="SimplePatch.Plus" Version="3.1.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add SimplePatch.Plus --version 3.1.0
#r "nuget: SimplePatch.Plus, 3.1.0"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive, C# scripting and .NET Interactive. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install SimplePatch.Plus as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=SimplePatch.Plus&version=3.1.0

// Install SimplePatch.Plus as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=SimplePatch.Plus&version=3.1.0

<img src="simplepatch.svg" height="50" alt="SimplePatch"> <p></p>

NuGet GitHub license

A simple library for partial entity changes in ASP.NET and ASP.NET Core.

SimplePatch v1.x documentation

Summary

Quick Start

PM> Install-Package SimplePatch

Jump to How to use.

Introduction

The problem

Partial modification of entities is one of the common issues when implementing a RESTful service in ASP.NET Web API. The client, in fact, must specify the value for all entity properties, including those properties whose value has not been changed. Typically, to solve this problem, you use these solutions with their own problems:

  • Delta<T> (part of Microsoft ASP.NET WebAPI OData): it has some problems with numbers when using JSON (see this answer). You also need to install the package with all its non-trivial dependencies;
  • JSON Patch: the client must organize the data per operation and the size of the request is not optimized.
Demonstrative example

The client must set the Enabled property of the User entity. The latter, however, also exposes the Name property. The client is forced to pass both the values of the Enabled and Name properties in the request body.

Request body

{ "Enabled": true, "Name": "User1" }

In a real case, however, the properties of an entity are more than two, making the problem more pronounced.

{ "Enabled": true, "Name": "User1", "Prop1": "Value1", "Prop2": "Value2", "Prop3": "Value3", ... }

The solution

The ideal solution is to allow the client to make a request with the only properties to modify. Returning to the example shown in the Problem section, the request body for changing the value of the Enabled property will be:

{ "Enabled": true }

If the entity has more than one property, the request body will remain the same.

SimplePatch allows you to implement this solution in ASP.NET Web API and ASP.NET Core Web API.

Install

Launch the following command from Package Manager Console:

PM> Install-Package SimplePatch

How to use

See examples folder to learn how to use this library with ASP.NET and ASP.NET Core.

Add target entity

In your Startup.cs file or in the Global.asax file, add the entity/ies which you plan to use.

DeltaConfig.Init(cfg => {
    cfg.AddEntity<Person>();
});
Patching a single entity
[HttpPatch("{id}")]
public async Task<IActionResult> PatchOne(int id, Delta<Person> person)
{
    // Determines the entity to be updated according to the id parameter
    var personToPatch = await TestData.People.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Id == deskid);
    if (personToPatch == null) return BadRequest("Person not found");

    // Apply the changes specified to the original entity
    person.Patch(personToPatch);

    // Now the personToPatch variable is updated

    return Ok(personToPatch);
}
Patching multiple entities
[HttpPatch]
public async Task<IActionResult> PatchMultiple(DeltaCollection<Person> people)
{
    foreach (var person in people)
    {
        // Try to get the value of the Id property
        if (person.TryGetPropertyValue(nameof(Person.Id), out var id))
        {
            // Determines the entity to be updated according to the specified id
            var personToPatch = TestData.People.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Id == Convert.ToInt32(id));
            if (personToPatch == null) return BadRequest("Person not found (Id = " + id + ")");

            // Apply the specified changes to the original entity       
            person.Patch(personToPatch);
        }
        else
        {
            // The Id property was not specified for the person represented by the person variable 
            return BadRequest("Id property not found for a person");
        }
    }

    return Ok();
}
Patching a single entity (Entity Framework)
[HttpPatch]
public async Task<IActionResult> PatchOne(int id, Delta<PersonEF> person)
{
    // Determines the entity to be updated according to the id parameter
    var personToPatch = await db.People.FindAsync(id);
    if (personToPatch == null) return BadRequest("Person not found");

    // Apply the specified changes to the original entity     
    person.Patch(personToPatch);

    // Now the personToPatch variable is updated


    // Mark the entity as modified
    db.Entry(personToPatch).State = EntityState.Modified;

    // Save the changes
    await db.SaveChangesAsync();

    return Ok(personToPatch);
}
Patching multiple entities (Entity Framework)
[HttpPatch]
public async Task<IActionResult> PatchMultiple(DeltaCollection<PersonEF> people)
{
    foreach (var person in people)
    {
        // Try to get the value of the Id property
        if (person.TryGetPropertyValue(nameof(PersonEF.Id), out var id))
        {
            // Determines the entity to be updated according to the id parameter
            var personToPatch = await db.People.FindAsync(Convert.ToInt32(id));
            if (personToPatch == null) return BadRequest("Person not found (Id = " + id + ")");

            // Apply the specified changes to the original entity
            person.Patch(personToPatch);

            // Mark the entity as modified
            db.Entry(personToPatch).State = EntityState.Modified;
        }
        else
        {
            // The Id property was not specified for the person represented by the person variable 
            return BadRequest("Id property not found for a person");
        }
    }

    // Save the changes
    await db.SaveChangesAsync();

    return Ok();
}

Configuration

All the configuration options can be specified through the DeltaConfing.Init function parameter. This function should be called at application startup, typically on the Startup.cs or Global.asax file.

For example:

public Startup(IConfiguration configuration)
{
    DeltaConfig.Init(cfg => {
        cfg.AddEntity<Person>()
            .Property(x => x.Id).Exclude();
    });
}

Globals

- Adding entities

To be able to use an entity you must add it using the AddEntity<T> method of the configuration object.

DeltaConfig.Init(cfg =>
{
    cfg.AddEntity<Person>();
    cfg.AddEntity<Book>();
});
- Ignore letter case for property names

You can ignore letter case for property names. This is useful when you have different name conventions between client code and server code.

For example, the name property sent by the client wouldn't be detected as part of an entity which has a property named Name (note the first letter is upper case).

Usage

DeltaConfig.Init(cfg =>
{
    cfg.AddEntity<Person>();

    cfg.IgnoreLetterCase(); // <==
});
- (Global) Mapping functions

Mapping functions allow you to manipulate a value before it is assigned to the property.

You could use this feature to handle a specific type.

For example, let's say you want to handle a specific date format (dd/mm/yyyy) for a property whose type is Nullable<DateTime>. You could use a global mapping function like this:

DeltaConfig.Init(cfg =>
{
    cfg.AddEntity<Person>();

    cfg.AddMapping((propertyType, newValue) =>
    {
        var result = new MapResult<object>();

        if (propertyType != typeof(DateTime?) || newValue.GetType() != typeof(string))
        {
            // No action executed
            return result.SkipMap();
        }

        if (DateTime.TryParseExact((string)newValue, "dd/MM/yyyy", new CultureInfo("it-IT"), DateTimeStyles.None, out var date))
        {
            // Value which be assigned to the property
            result.Value = date;
        }
        else
        {
            // Value can be null because the target property is of type Nullable<DateTime>
            result.Value = null;
        }

        return result;
    });
});

You can add as many mapping function as you want. The result returned from the mapping function must be of type MapResult<object>. The latter has a property named Value which stores the value which will be assigned to the property.

If the current mapping function shouldn't handle the property value, you can return the result of the SkipMap() method of the MapResult<object> instance.

To better understand how global mapping functions works, please take a look a the diagram below.

Global Mapping Functions diagram

Remember You can assign assign null to the Value property of the returned MapResult<object> instance only if the target property is nullable.

Properties configuration

- Exclude properties

You can exclude one or more properties of an entity while applying the changes to the original entity to preserve the original value of the property. This might be useful for properties used to uniquely identify the entity.

Global.asax or Startup.cs

DeltaConfig.Init((cfg) =>
{
    // Exclude the Id property of the Person entity.
    cfg.AddEntity<Person>().Property(x => x.Id).Exclude();
});

Note: When a property is marked as excluded it will still be present in the Delta<T> object, but it will be ignored when changes are applied (Patch method) to the original entity.

- Ignore null value

You can ignore null value for the specified property of an entity.

This is particularly useful in two cases:

  • when your property is a value type (like int and DateTime) and your client still send a null value for that property. Ignoring null value will avoid exception.
  • when your property is a reference type (which allows null) but you don't want that null overwrites your previous stored data.

Global.asax or Startup.cs

DeltaConfig.Init(cfg =>
{
    cfg.AddEntity<Person>().Property(x => x.MyProperty).IgnoreNull();
});
- Mapping functions

You can add property specific mapping functions to manipulate the input value before it is assigned to the specified property. They works like global mapping functions but they're applyed only for the specified property.

Let's say that the client send a two figures number as a string:

{
    "MyNumber": "52"
}

but, you want only the first figure of the number as a int (your property is of type int). You could use the following mapping function to handle the splitting and conversion:

Global.asax or Startup.cs

DeltaConfig.Init(cfg =>
{
    cfg.AddEntity<Person>().Property(x => x.MyNumber).AddMapping((propType, newValue) =>
    {
        var result = new MapResult<int>();

        // Ignore non string values
        if (newValue.GetType() != typeof(string)) return result.SkipMap();

        result.Value = Convert.ToInt32(newValue.ToString().Substring(0, 1));

        return result;
    });
});

To better understand what SkipMap() mean, please take a look at the Global Mapping Functions diagram.

The result type of the specified function must be of the same type of the property for which the mapping function is added to.

Mapping functions order

In order to assign a value to a property, SimplePatch will evaluate the property mapping functions first. If there aren't property mapping functions or they return the result of SkipMap(), then the global mapping functions will be evaluated. If there aren't global mapping functions or they return the result of SkipMap(), then the default behavior will be used (SimplePatch will try to convert the input value type to the target property type).

Product Versions
.NET net5.0 net5.0-windows net6.0 net6.0-android net6.0-ios net6.0-maccatalyst net6.0-macos net6.0-tvos net6.0-windows net7.0 net7.0-android net7.0-ios net7.0-maccatalyst net7.0-macos net7.0-tvos net7.0-windows
.NET Core netcoreapp2.0 netcoreapp2.1 netcoreapp2.2 netcoreapp3.0 netcoreapp3.1
.NET Standard netstandard2.0 netstandard2.1
.NET Framework net461 net462 net463 net47 net471 net472 net48 net481
MonoAndroid monoandroid
MonoMac monomac
MonoTouch monotouch
Tizen tizen40 tizen60
Xamarin.iOS xamarinios
Xamarin.Mac xamarinmac
Xamarin.TVOS xamarintvos
Xamarin.WatchOS xamarinwatchos
Compatible target framework(s)
Additional computed target framework(s)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.
  • .NETStandard 2.0

    • No dependencies.

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Version Downloads Last updated
3.1.0 84 9/29/2022

* Added support for transforming maps.