Donald 10.1.0

dotnet add package Donald --version 10.1.0                
NuGet\Install-Package Donald -Version 10.1.0                
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="Donald" Version="10.1.0" />                
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add Donald --version 10.1.0                
#r "nuget: Donald, 10.1.0"                
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install Donald as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=Donald&version=10.1.0

// Install Donald as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=Donald&version=10.1.0                

Donald

NuGet Version build

Meet Donald (Chamberlin).

If you're a programmer and have used a database, he's impacted your life in a big way.

This library is named after him.

Honorable mention goes to @dsyme another important Donald and F#'s BDFL.

Key Features

Donald is a generic library that aims to make working with ADO.NET safer and more succinct. It is an entirely generic abstraction, and will work with all ADO.NET implementations.

Design Goals

  • Support all ADO implementations
  • Provide a succinct, type-safe API for interacting with databases
  • Enable asynchronuos workflows
  • Make object mapping easier
  • Improve data access performance
  • Provide additional context during exceptions

Getting Started

Install the Donald NuGet package:

PM>  Install-Package Donald

Or using the dotnet CLI

dotnet add package Donald

Quick Start

open Donald

type Author =
    { FullName : string }

let authors (conn : IDbConnection) : Author list =
    conn
    |> Db.newCommand "
        SELECT  full_name
        FROM    author
        WHERE   author_id = @author_id"
    |> Db.setParams [
        "author_id", SqlType.Int32 1 ]
    |> Db.query (fun rd ->
        { FullName = rd.ReadString "full_name" })

An Example using SQLite

For this example, assume we have an IDbConnection named conn:

Reminder: Donald will work with any ADO implementation (SQL Server, SQLite, MySQL, Postgresql etc.).

Consider the following model:

type Author =
    { AuthorId : int
      FullName : string }

module Author -
    let ofDataReader (rd : IDataReader) : Author =
        { AuthorId = rd.ReadInt32 "author_id"
          FullName = rd.ReadString "full_name" }

Query for multiple strongly-typed results

Important: Donald is set to use CommandBehavior.SequentialAccess by default. See performance for more information.

conn
|> Db.newCommand "SELECT author_id, full_name FROM author"
|> Db.query Author.ofDataReader // Author list

// Async
conn
|> Db.newCommand "SELECT author_id, full_name FROM author"
|> Db.Async.query Author.ofDataReader // Task<Author list>

Query for a single strongly-typed result

conn
|> Db.newCommand "SELECT author_id, full_name FROM author"
|> Db.setParams [ "author_id", SqlType.Int32 1 ]
|> Db.querySingle Author.ofDataReader // Author option

// Async
conn
|> Db.newCommand "SELECT author_id, full_name FROM author"
|> Db.setParams [ "author_id", SqlType.Int32 1 ]
|> Db.Async.querySingle Author.ofDataReader // Task<Author option>

Execute a statement

conn
|> Db.newCommand "INSERT INTO author (full_name)"
|> Db.setParams [ "full_name", SqlType.String "John Doe" ]
|> Db.exec // unit

// Async
conn
|> Db.newCommand "INSERT INTO author (full_name)"
|> Db.setParams [ "full_name", SqlType.String "John Doe" ]
|> Db.Async.exec // Task<unit>

Execute a statement many times

conn
|> Db.newCommand "INSERT INTO author (full_name)"
|> Db.execMany [
    "full_name", SqlType.String "John Doe"
    "full_name", SqlType.String "Jane Doe" ] // unit

// Async
conn
|> Db.newCommand "INSERT INTO author (full_name)"
|> Db.Async.execMany [
    "full_name", SqlType.String "John Doe"
    "full_name", SqlType.String "Jane Doe" ] //Task<unit>

Execute statements within an explicit transaction

This can be accomplished in two ways:

  1. Using Db.batch or Db.Async.batch which processes the action in an all-or-none fashion.
conn
|> Db.batch (fun tran ->
    for fullName in [ "John Doe"; "Jane Doe" ] do
        tran
        |> Db.newCommandForTransaction "INSERT INTO author (full_name) VALUES (@full_name)"
        |> Db.setParams ["full_name", SqlType.String fullName ]
        |> Db.exec)
  1. Using the extension methods: TryBeginTransaction(), TryCommit() and TryRollback().
// Safely begin transaction or throw CouldNotBeginTransactionError on failure
use tran = conn.TryBeginTransaction()

for fullName in [ "John Doe"; "Jane Doe" ] do
    tran
    |> Db.newCommandForTransaction "INSERT INTO author (full_name) VALUES (@full_name)"
    |> Db.setParams ["full_name", SqlType.String fullName ]
    |> Db.exec

// Attempt to commit, will rollback automatically on failure, or throw DbTransactionException
tran.TryCommit ()

// Will rollback or throw DbTransactionException
// tran.TryRollback ()

Command Parameters

Command parameters are represented by SqlType which contains a case for all relevant types.

type SqlType =
    | Null
    | String     of string
    | AnsiString of string
    | Boolean    of bool
    | Byte       of byte
    | Char       of char
    | AnsiChar   of char
    | Decimal    of decimal
    | Double     of double
    | Float      of float
    | Guid       of Guid
    | Int16      of int16
    | Int32      of int32
    | Int        of int32
    | Int64      of int64
    | DateTime   of DateTime
    | Bytes      of byte[]

let p1 : SqlType = SqlType.Null
let p2 : SqlType = SqlType.Int32 1

Helpers also exist which implicitly call the respective F# conversion function. Which can be especially useful when you are working with value types in your program.

let p1 : SqlType = sqlInt32 "1" // equivalent to SqlType.Int32 (int "1")

Reading Values

To make obtaining values from reader more straight-forward, 2 sets of extension methods are available for:

  1. Get value, automatically defaulted
  2. Get value as option<'a>

Assuming we have an active IDataReader called rd and are currently reading a row, the following extension methods are available to simplify reading values:

rd.ReadString "some_field"         // string -> string
rd.ReadBoolean "some_field"        // string -> bool
rd.ReadByte "some_field"           // string -> byte
rd.ReadChar "some_field"           // string -> char
rd.ReadDateTime "some_field"       // string -> DateTime
rd.ReadDecimal "some_field"        // string -> Decimal
rd.ReadDouble "some_field"         // string -> Double
rd.ReadFloat "some_field"          // string -> float32
rd.ReadGuid "some_field"           // string -> Guid
rd.ReadInt16 "some_field"          // string -> int16
rd.ReadInt32 "some_field"          // string -> int32
rd.ReadInt64 "some_field"          // string -> int64
rd.ReadBytes "some_field"          // string -> byte[]

rd.ReadStringOption "some_field"   // string -> string option
rd.ReadBooleanOption "some_field"  // string -> bool option
rd.ReadByteOption "some_field"     // string -> byte option
rd.ReadCharOption "some_field"     // string -> char option
rd.ReadDateTimeOption "some_field" // string -> DateTime option
rd.ReadDecimalOption "some_field"  // string -> Decimal option
rd.ReadDoubleOption "some_field"   // string -> Double option
rd.ReadFloatOption "some_field"    // string -> float32 option
rd.ReadGuidOption "some_field"     // string -> Guid option
rd.ReadInt16Option "some_field"    // string -> int16 option
rd.ReadInt32Option "some_field"    // string -> int32 option
rd.ReadInt64Option "some_field"    // string -> int64 option
rd.ReadBytesOption "some_field"    // string -> byte[] option

If you need an explicit Nullable<'a> you can use Option.asNullable.

Exceptions

Several custom exceptions exist which interleave the exceptions thrown by ADO.NET with contextually relevant metadata.

/// Details of failure to connection to a database/server.
type DbConnectionException =
    inherit Exception
    val ConnectionString : string option

/// Details of failure to execute database command or transaction.
type DbExecutionException =
    inherit Exception
    val Statement : string option
    val Step : DbTransactionStep option

/// Details of failure to access and/or cast an IDataRecord field.
type DbReaderException =
    inherit Exception
    val FieldName : string option

/// Details of failure to commit or rollback an IDbTransaction
type DbTransactionException =
    inherit Exception
    val Step : DbTransactionStep

Performance

By default, the IDataReader is consumed using CommandBehavior.SequentialAccess. This allows the rows and columns to be read in chunks (i.e., streamed), but forward-only. As opposed to being completely read into memory all at once, and readable in any direction. The benefits of this are particular felt when reading large CLOB (string) and BLOB (binary) data. But is also a measureable performance gain for standard query results as well.

The only nuance to sequential access is that columns must be read in the same order found in the SELECT clause. Aside from that, there is no noticeable difference from the perspective of a library consumer.

Configuring CommandBehavior can be done two ways:

let sql = "SELECT author_id, full_name FROM author"

conn
|> Db.newCommand sql
|> Db.setCommandBehavior CommandBehavior.Default
|> Db.query Author.ofDataReader

Find a bug?

There's an issue for that.

License

Built with ♥ by Pim Brouwers in Toronto, ON. Licensed under Apache License 2.0.

Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net6.0 is compatible.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 is compatible.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed.  net8.0 is compatible.  net8.0-android was computed.  net8.0-browser was computed.  net8.0-ios was computed.  net8.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net8.0-macos was computed.  net8.0-tvos was computed.  net8.0-windows was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
Included target framework(s) (in package)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

NuGet packages

This package is not used by any NuGet packages.

GitHub repositories

This package is not used by any popular GitHub repositories.

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