MarkMpn.Sql4Cds.Engine 7.0.3

.NET Core 3.1 .NET Framework 4.6.2
dotnet add package MarkMpn.Sql4Cds.Engine --version 7.0.3
NuGet\Install-Package MarkMpn.Sql4Cds.Engine -Version 7.0.3
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="MarkMpn.Sql4Cds.Engine" Version="7.0.3" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add MarkMpn.Sql4Cds.Engine --version 7.0.3
#r "nuget: MarkMpn.Sql4Cds.Engine, 7.0.3"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive, C# scripting and .NET Interactive. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install MarkMpn.Sql4Cds.Engine as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=MarkMpn.Sql4Cds.Engine&version=7.0.3

// Install MarkMpn.Sql4Cds.Engine as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=MarkMpn.Sql4Cds.Engine&version=7.0.3

SQL 4 CDS

By Mark Carrington, supported by Data8

SQL 4 CDS provides an engine, XrmToolBox tool and SSMS plugin for using standard SQL syntax to query data stored in Microsoft Dataverse / Dynamics 365.

It converts the provided SQL query into the corresponding FetchXML syntax and allows the associated query to be executed, including the following types of query:

  • SELECT
  • INSERT
  • UPDATE
  • DELETE

For example:

-- Get contact details
SELECT   c.firstname,
         c.lastname,
         a.telephone1
FROM     contact AS c
         INNER JOIN account AS a
         ON c.parentcustomerid = a.accountid
WHERE    c.firstname = 'Mark' AND
         a.statecode = 0
ORDER BY c.createdon DESC

-- Deactivate contacts without an email address
UPDATE contact
SET    statecode = 1, statuscode = 2
WHERE  emailaddress1 IS NULL

✅ Although you are writing SQL, you are not directly running the queries against the back-end database. All data retrieval and modification is done through the supported Dataverse API. Running an UPDATE/INSERT/DELETE command against the underlying SQL database is unsafe, but the same query in SQL 4 CDS is translated to safe & supported API requests.

The engine converts all the SQL syntax that has a direct equivalent in FetchXML. It also attempts to support some more SQL features that do not have an equivalent in FetchXML, such as calculated fields, HAVING clauses and more.

When executing a query it will take into account specific Dataverse features to improve the performance or results compared to simply executing the FetchXML directly, e.g.:

  • Faster SELECT count(*) FROM entity query execution using RetrieveTotalRecordCountRequest
  • Automatically retrieving multiple pages of large result sets
  • Work around AggregateQueryRecordLimit errors by retrieving all the individual records and applying the aggregation in-memory.

As well as querying data with FetchXML, SQL 4 CDS can also query metadata by translating the SQL query into a RetrieveMetadataChangesRequest or RetrieveAllOptionSetsRequest:

-- Find attributes without a description
SELECT entity.logicalname,
       attribute.logicalname
FROM   metadata.entity
       INNER JOIN metadata.attribute
       ON entity.logicalname = attribute.entitylogicalname
WHERE  attribute.description IS NULL

FetchXML Builder Integration

As well as writing and executing queries as SQL, the generated FetchXML can be sent to FetchXML Builder for further editing or converting to another syntax such as OData. You can also start building a query in FetchXML Builder and then edit it in SQL 4 CDS.

Library Usage

The NuGet package includes assemblies for .NET Framework 4.6.2 and later, and .NET Core 3.1 and later.

You can use it in the same way as a SQL Server connection, using Sql4CdsConnection instead of SqlConnection:

using (var con = new Sql4CdsConnection(connectionString))
using (var cmd = con.CreateCommand())
{
	cmd.CommandText = "INSERT INTO account (name) VALUES (@name)";

	var nameParam = cmd.CreateParameter();
	nameParam.Name = "@name";
	nameParam.Value =  "My New Account";
	cmd.Parameters.Add(nameParam);

	// Add the new account
	cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

	// Get the IDs of all accounts with the same name
	cmd.CommandText = "SELECT accountid FROM account WHERE name = @name";

	using (var reader = cmd.ExecuteReader())
	{
		while (reader.Read())
		{
			var accountId = reader.GetGuid(0);
			Console.WriteLine(accountId.ToString());
		}
	}
}

The connection string should be any standard XRM connection string.

If you already have an IOrganizationService connection to the instance you want to use, you can pass that to the constructor instead of the connection string.

You can also connect to multiple instances at once and execute queries to combine or copy data between them. To use this, pass all the IOrganizationService instances to the Sql4CdsConnection constructor. You can then reference data from a specific instance using instancename.dbo.tablename.

Advanced Options

There are various properties available on the Sql4CdsConnection class that you can use to control exactly how your queries are executed:

Property Description
BatchSize When executing DML operations, how many requests should be sent to the server at once?
BypassCustomPlugins When executing DML operations, should custom plugins be bypassed?
UseLocalTimeZone When working with date values, this property indicates whether the local or UTC time zone should be used.
MaxDegreeOfParallelism How many requests can be made in parallel? Currently used for DML and partitioned aggregate queries.
UseTDSEndpoint Indicates if the preview TDS Endpoint should be used where possible to execute SELECT queries.
BlockDeleteWithoutWhere Indicates if an error should be produced if running a DELETE query without a corresponding WHERE clause.
BlockUpdateWithoutWhere Indicates if an error should be produced if running a UPDATE query without a corresponding WHERE clause.
UseBulkDelete Set to true to use a bulk delete job instead of deleting individual records for a DELETE query.
ReturnEntityReferenceAsGuid Indicates if lookup values should be returned as simple Guid values rather than the default SqlEntityReference type.
UseRetrieveTotalRecordCount Indicates if a RetrieveTotalRecordCountRequest request should be used for simple COUNT(*) queries. This lets the query run faster but may produce out-of-date results.
QuotedIdentifiers Indicates if " can be used to quote identifiers such as column and table names. Equivalent to SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIERS ON.

There are also events that you can attach to to receive notifications while a query is executing. The InfoMessage and StatementCompleted events follow the pattern provided by the SqlClient classes for SQL Server, but add extra data specific to SQL 4 CDS.

Event Description
PreDelete<br />PreInsert<br />PreUpdate These events on the connection are raised just before an INSERT/DELETE/UPDATE command is about to be executed. The event argument includes the metadata of the entity type that will be affected along with the number of rows. The event handler can prevent the operation by setting the Cancel property of the event argument to true. Cancelling the operation will also cancel the entire batch.
PreRetrieve This event on the connection is raised just before more data is about to be retrieved from the server. The event argument contains the number of rows already retrieved so far. The event handler can prevent the retrieval from continuing by setting the Cancel property of the event argument to true. Cancelling a data retrieval will not cancel the entire batch, but will cause it to operate only on partial results.
Progress This event on the connection is raised when there is some update to the internal progress of executing a query, and can be used to provide feedback to the user that their query is progressing.
InfoMessage This event on the connection is raised when there is some textual output from the query available.
StatementCompleted This event on the command is raised when a statement within the current query has completed successfully. The event arguments show the number of records that were affected by the query as well as the details of the internal query plan that was executed for the statement.
Product Versions
.NET net5.0 net5.0-windows net6.0 net6.0-android net6.0-ios net6.0-maccatalyst net6.0-macos net6.0-tvos net6.0-windows net7.0 net7.0-android net7.0-ios net7.0-maccatalyst net7.0-macos net7.0-tvos net7.0-windows
.NET Core netcoreapp3.1
.NET Framework net462 net463 net47 net471 net472 net48
Compatible target framework(s)
Additional computed target framework(s)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

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Version Downloads Last updated
7.0.3 195 10/11/2022
7.0.2 161 10/2/2022
7.0.1 166 9/28/2022
7.0.0 156 9/21/2022
6.4.0 255 7/28/2022
6.3.0 191 6/28/2022
6.2.1 199 5/26/2022
6.2.0 189 5/18/2022
6.1.0 209 5/11/2022
6.0.1 249 4/13/2022
6.0.0 231 4/10/2022
5.4.1 261 1/18/2022
5.4.0 193 1/4/2022
5.3.1 177 12/2/2021
5.3.0 170 11/27/2021
5.2.5 232 9/29/2021
5.2.4 222 9/16/2021
5.2.3 222 9/1/2021
5.2.2 217 8/31/2021
5.2.1 267 6/29/2021
5.1.1 240 5/15/2021
5.1.0 228 5/6/2021
5.0.0 238 4/29/2021
4.1.0 238 3/18/2021
4.0.3 235 2/20/2021
4.0.2 235 2/10/2021
4.0.1 233 1/28/2021
4.0.0 249 1/13/2021
3.1.0 353 12/13/2020
3.0.0 333 11/2/2020
2.3.0 333 8/28/2020
2.2.0 319 7/15/2020
2.1.0 396 5/24/2020
2.0.1 332 4/23/2020
2.0.0 357 4/17/2020
1.0.7 487 1/31/2020

Fixed timeout handling
Downgraded target framework to 4.6.2
Handle more date/time types as parameters to FetchXML queries