Objectivity.AutoFixture.XUnit2.AutoMoq 3.6.1

dotnet add package Objectivity.AutoFixture.XUnit2.AutoMoq --version 3.6.1
NuGet\Install-Package Objectivity.AutoFixture.XUnit2.AutoMoq -Version 3.6.1
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="Objectivity.AutoFixture.XUnit2.AutoMoq" Version="3.6.1" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add Objectivity.AutoFixture.XUnit2.AutoMoq --version 3.6.1
#r "nuget: Objectivity.AutoFixture.XUnit2.AutoMoq, 3.6.1"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install Objectivity.AutoFixture.XUnit2.AutoMoq as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=Objectivity.AutoFixture.XUnit2.AutoMoq&version=3.6.1

// Install Objectivity.AutoFixture.XUnit2.AutoMoq as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=Objectivity.AutoFixture.XUnit2.AutoMoq&version=3.6.1

Objectivity.AutoFixture.XUnit2.AutoMock

CI/CD codecov Mutation testing badge License: MIT FOSSA Status

Accelerates preparation of mocked structures for unit tests under XUnit2 by configuring AutoFixture data generation to use a mocking library of your choice. Gracefully handles recursive structures by omitting recursions.

It provides the following mocking attributes:

  • AutoMockData
  • InlineAutoMockData
  • MemberAutoMockData

Supported mocking libraries

Mocking library Corresponding NuGet package
Moq AutoMoq Downloads
NSubstitute AutoNSubstitute Downloads
FakeItEasy AutoFakeItEasy Downloads

Attributes

AutoMockData

Provides auto-generated data specimens generated by AutoFixture with a mocking library as an extension to xUnit.net's Theory attribute.

Arguments
  • IgnoreVirtualMembers - disables generation of members marked as virtual; by default set to false
Example
[Theory]
[AutoMockData]
public void GivenCurrencyConverter_WhenConvertToPln_ThenMustReturnCorrectConvertedAmount(
    string testCurrencySymbol,
    [Frozen] ICurrencyExchangeProvider currencyProvider,
    CurrencyConverter currencyConverter)
{
    // Arrange
    Mock.Get(currencyProvider)
        .Setup(cp => cp.GetCurrencyExchangeRate(testCurrencySymbol))
        .Returns(100M);

    // Act
    decimal result = currencyConverter.ConvertToPln(testCurrencySymbol, 100M);

    // Assert
    Assert.Equal(10000M, result);
}

InlineAutoMockData

Provides a data source for a Theory, with the data coming from inline values combined with auto-generated data specimens generated by AutoFixture with a mocking library.

Arguments
  • IgnoreVirtualMembers - disables generation of members marked as virtual; by default set to false
Example
[Theory]
[InlineAutoMockData("USD", 3, 10, 30)]
[InlineAutoMockData("EUR", 4, 20, 80)]
public void GivenCurrencyConverter_WhenConvertToPln_ThenMustReturnCorrectConvertedAmount(
    string testCurrencySymbol,
    decimal exchangeRate,
    decimal currencyAmount,
    decimal expectedPlnAmount,
    [Frozen] ICurrencyExchangeProvider currencyProvider,
    CurrencyConverter currencyConverter)
{
    // Arrange
    Mock.Get(currencyProvider)
        .Setup(cp => cp.GetCurrencyExchangeRate(testCurrencySymbol))
        .Returns(exchangeRate);

    // Act
    decimal result = currencyConverter.ConvertToPln(testCurrencySymbol, currencyAmount);

    // Assert
    Assert.Equal(expectedPlnAmount, result);
}

MemberAutoMockData

Provides a data source for a Theory, with the data coming from one of the following sources:

  • A static property
  • A static field
  • A static method (with parameters)

combined with auto-generated data specimens generated by AutoFixture with a mocking library.

The member must return something compatible with Enumerable<object[]> with the test data.

Caution: The property is completely enumerated by .ToList() before any test is run. Hence it should return independent object sets.

Arguments
  • IgnoreVirtualMembers - disables generation of members marked as virtual; by default set to false
  • ShareFixture - indicates whether to share a fixture across all data items should be used or new one; by default set to true
Example
public class CurrencyConverterFixture
{
    public static IEnumerable<object[]> CurrencyConversionRatesWithResult()
    {
        return new List<object[]>
            {
                new object[] { "USD", 3M, 10M, 30M },
                new object[] { "EUR", 4M, 20M, 80M }
            };
    }
}
[Theory]
[MemberAutoMockData("CurrencyConversionRatesWithResult", MemberType = typeof(CurrencyConverterFixture))]
public void GivenCurrencyConverter_WhenConvertToPln_ThenMustReturnCorrectConvertedAmount(
    string testCurrencySymbol,
    decimal exchangeRate,
    decimal currencyAmount,
    decimal expectedPlnAmount,
    [Frozen] ICurrencyExchangeProvider currencyProvider,
    CurrencyConverter currencyConverter)
{
    // Arrange
    Mock.Get(currencyProvider)
        .Setup(cp => cp.GetCurrencyExchangeRate(testCurrencySymbol))
        .Returns(exchangeRate);

    // Act
    decimal result = currencyConverter.ConvertToPln(testCurrencySymbol, currencyAmount);

    // Assert
    Assert.Equal(expectedPlnAmount, result);
}

IgnoreVirtualMembers

An attribute that can be applied to parameters in an AutoDataAttribute-driven Theory to indicate that the parameter value should not have virtual properties populated when the IFixture creates an instance of that type.

This attribute allows to disable the generation of members marked as virtual on a decorated type wheres IgnoreVirtualMembers arguments of mocking attributes mentioned above disable such a generation for all types created by IFixture.

Caution: Order is important! Applying IgnoreVirtualMembers attribute to the subsequent parameter makes preceding parameters of the same type to have virtual properties populated and the particular parameter with the following ones of the same type to have virtual properties unpopulated.

Example
public class User
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public virtual Address Address { get; set; }
}
[Theory]
[AutoData]
public void IgnoreVirtualMembersUsage(
    User firstUser,
    [IgnoreVirtualMembers] User secondUser,
    User thirdUser)
{
    Assert.NotNull(firstUser.Name);
    Assert.NotNull(firstUser.Address);

    Assert.NotNull(secondUser.Name);
    Assert.Null(secondUser.Address);

    Assert.NotNull(thirdUser.Name);
    Assert.Null(thirdUser.Address);
}

CustomizeWith (borrowed from @devdigital)

An attribute that can be applied to parameters in an AutoDataAttribute-driven Theory to apply additional customization when the IFixture creates an instance of that type.

Arguments
  • IncludeParameterType - indicates whether attribute target parameter Type should included as a first argument when creating customization; by default set to false

Caution: Order is important! Applying CustomizeWith attribute to the subsequent parameter makes preceding parameters of the same type to be created without specified customization and the particular parameter with the specified customization.

Example
public class LocalDatesCustomization : ICustomization
{
    public void Customize(IFixture fixture)
    {
        fixture.Register(() => LocalDate.FromDateTime(fixture.Create<DateTime>()));
    }
}
[Theory]
[InlineAutoMockData("USD")]
[InlineAutoMockData("EUR")]
public void GivenCurrencyConverter_WhenConvertToPlnAtParticularDay_ThenMustReturnCorrectConvertedAmount(
    string testCurrencySymbol,
    [CustomizeWith(typeof(LocalDatesCustomization))] LocalDate day,
    [Frozen] ICurrencyExchangeProvider currencyProvider,
    CurrencyConverter currencyConverter)
{
    // Arrange
    Mock.Get(currencyProvider)
        .Setup(cp => cp.GetCurrencyExchangeRate(testCurrencySymbol, day))
        .Returns(100M);

    // Act
    decimal result = currencyConverter.ConvertToPln(testCurrencySymbol, 100M, day);

    // Assert
    Assert.Equal(10000M, result);
}

CustomizeWith<T>

A generic version of the CustomizeWith attribute has been introduced for ease of use. The same rules apply as for the non-generic version.

Example
public class EmptyCollectionCustomization : ICustomization
{
    public EmptyCollectionCustomization(Type reflectedType)
    {
        this.ReflectedType = reflectedType;
    }

    public Type ReflectedType { get; }

    public void Customize(IFixture fixture)
    {
        var emptyArray = Array.CreateInstance(this.ReflectedType.GenericTypeArguments.Single(), 0);

        fixture.Customizations.Add(
            new FilteringSpecimenBuilder(
                new FixedBuilder(emptyArray),
                new ExactTypeSpecification(this.ReflectedType)));
    }
}
public sealed class EmptyCollectionAttribute : CustomizeWithAttribute<EmptyCollectionCustomization>
{
    public EmptyCollectionAttribute()
    {
        this.IncludeParameterType = true;
    }
}
[Theory]
[AutoData]
public void CustomizeWithAttributeUsage(
    IList<string> firstStore,
    [EmptyCollection] IList<string> secondStore,
    IList<string> thirdStore,
    IList<int?> fourthStore)
{
    Assert.NotEmpty(firstStore);
    Assert.Empty(secondStore);
    Assert.Empty(thirdStore);
    Assert.NotEmpty(fourthStore);
}

Data filtering attributes

The following attributes helps narrowing down data generation to specific values or omitting certain values.

For these attributes to work, they must be used in conjunction with other data generation attributes.

They can be applied to simple types and collections.

Except

An attribute ensuring that values from outside the specified list will be generated.

Example
[Theory]
[AutoData]
public void ExceptAttributeUsage(
    [Except(DayOfWeek.Saturday, DayOfWeek.Sunday)] DayOfWeek workday)
{
    Assert.True(workday is >= DayOfWeek.Monday and <= DayOfWeek.Friday);
}

PickFromRange

An attribute ensuring that only values from specified range will be generated.

Example
[Theory]
[AutoData]
public void RangeAttributeUsage(
    [PickFromRange(11, 19)] int teenagerAge)
{
    Assert.True(teenagerAge is > 11 and < 19);
}

PickNegative

An attribute ensuring that only negative values will be generated.

Caution: It will throw exception when being used on unsupported type or on the one which does not accept negative values.

Example
[Theory]
[AutoData]
public void NegativeAttributeUsage(
    [PickNegative] int negativeNumber)
{
    Assert.True(negativeNumber < 0);
}

PickFromValues

An attribute ensuring that only values from the specified list will be generated.

Example
[Theory]
[AutoData]
public void ValuesAttributeUsage(
    [PickFromValues(DayOfWeek.Saturday, DayOfWeek.Sunday)] HashSet<DayOfWeek> weekend)
{
    var weekendDays = new[] { DayOfWeek.Saturday, DayOfWeek.Sunday };
    Assert.Equivalent(weekendDays, weekend);
}

Tips and tricks

Fixture injection

You can inject same instance of IFixture to a test method by adding mentioned interface as an argument of test method.

[Theory]
[AutoMockData]
public void FixtureInjection(IFixture fixture)
{
    Assert.NotNull(fixture);
}

IgnoreVirtualMembers issue

You should be aware that the CLR requires that interface methods be marked as virtual. Please look at the following example:

public interface IUser
{
    string Name { get; set; }
    User Substitute { get; set; }
}

public class User : IUser
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public virtual User Substitute { get; set; }
}

You can see than only Substitute property has been explicitly marked as virtual. In such situation the compiler will mark other properties as virtual and sealed. And finally AutoFixture will assign null value to those properties when option IgnoreVirtualMembers will be set to true.

[Theory]
[AutoMockData(IgnoreVirtualMembers = true)]
public void IssueWithClassThatImplementsInterface(User user)
{
    Assert.Null(user.Name);
    Assert.Null(user.Substitute);
}

License

FOSSA Status

Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net5.0 was computed.  net5.0-windows was computed.  net6.0 was computed.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 was computed.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed.  net8.0 was computed.  net8.0-android was computed.  net8.0-browser was computed.  net8.0-ios was computed.  net8.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net8.0-macos was computed.  net8.0-tvos was computed.  net8.0-windows was computed. 
.NET Core netcoreapp2.0 was computed.  netcoreapp2.1 was computed.  netcoreapp2.2 was computed.  netcoreapp3.0 was computed.  netcoreapp3.1 was computed. 
.NET Standard netstandard2.0 is compatible.  netstandard2.1 is compatible. 
.NET Framework net461 was computed.  net462 was computed.  net463 was computed.  net47 was computed.  net471 was computed.  net472 is compatible.  net48 is compatible.  net481 was computed. 
MonoAndroid monoandroid was computed. 
MonoMac monomac was computed. 
MonoTouch monotouch was computed. 
Tizen tizen40 was computed.  tizen60 was computed. 
Xamarin.iOS xamarinios was computed. 
Xamarin.Mac xamarinmac was computed. 
Xamarin.TVOS xamarintvos was computed. 
Xamarin.WatchOS xamarinwatchos was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
Included target framework(s) (in package)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

NuGet packages

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